Now any theoretical physicist on the street these days will
tell you that quantum processors are the next logical step in the evolution of
mathematical computations.

But for those of us just barely capable of tying our own shoes
many questions spring to mind what does theoretical physics have to do with
improving processor performance? is this going to end up benefiting me in any
way that is actually relevant and most importantly will this next leap finally
be the one that takes me home.

Unlike classical processors which use transistors to create
digits of binary code called **bits**
which are represented in the familiar form of **0’s** and **1’s.**

Quantum processors use atomic sized structures such as a
single electron and produce coded units called **qubits** which have the unique capability of being both the values of
0 and 1 simultaneously.

To accomplish this, engineers utilize extreme cold conditions
and magnetics to manipulate the natural polarity field within the electron and
bring it to position where it rests in alignment with the artificially created
magnetic flow this resting state is referred to as **spin down** and would be similar to a zero value in classical coding.

When the electron is forcefully going against its natural
inclination to rest with the flow of the magnetic field or it's polar South has
been spun to the top position that is called **spin up** which you guessed it represents a 1 in traditional binary
speak.

Let me use an analogy to clarify imagine you're a child back
on the playground sitting on the swings if you're just sitting there exerting
no effort letting gravity hold you in place this could be considered the spin
down position.

Now let's say you were to accomplish the dream of every child
around the world and managed to be all the way vertical up above the bar spin
up would be the point at which you reached the apex of your swing and gravity
was working its hardest to pull you violently back down to the earth.

Now as I mentioned earlier qubits have the unique potential to
end up representing both a 1 and a 0 encode value simultaneously which you
could imagine in our previous scenario would be like a swinger sitting at the
90 degree mark directly between the ground and the sky.

But just like gravity would make it impossible to stay at that
because addition for more than a fraction of a moment the electrons which drive
the quantum processor have forces preventing them from sitting still as well.

In fact that might be underselling it a little bit because
thanks to the quantum mechanical phenomenon known as **superposition** the electron is actually moving in all directions
simultaneously before the moment it is measured.

So in order to quantify information derived from an electron
spinning out like a roided-out hamster in a ball engineers first determine the
basic spin value as previously described then they use mathematical probability
scales which calculate the likeliness the electron was actually spinning in the
indicated direction and then arrived at two separate numbers for each scenario
which are the processors outputs.

For instance one might receive something like a 70%
probability up and 30% down or as you now see both 0 and 1 at once if not at
least to varying degrees.

This form of measurement coupled with the electrons unique
physical properties lead to a quantum processors **two main advantages** over a classical one.

1. Since the electrons are spinning at such an indeterminable
rate and direction they are also potentially capable of running an
indeterminable number of processes at remarkable speeds

2. Since two measurements are needed to quantify each qubit
value as opposed to the standard one transistor per bit rule the increasing
computing power for quantum processors is an exponential one in other words when
one qubit tells two friends they tell two friends and then they tell two
friends until you reach the measly range of five hundred qubits where you've
generated more possible processors than there are particles in the known
universe

But now to the downside or the spin downside as it were while
quantum processors may have more computing power than they pull known universe
plus heman

Because of all the insane amounts of effort it takes to **isolate**, **manipulate** and **quantify**
something like an electron and it's spin these computers would likely only see
a benefit when running intense multi-tiered operations that take advantage of
the system's ability to run calculations against each other such as weather and
traffic predictions.

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